83. The President— (an) is the Head of State and leader of the national official; (b) must maintain, protect and regard the Constitution as the incomparable law of the Republic; and (c) advances the solidarity of the country and that which will propel the Republic. Powers and elements of PresidentRead More →

Composition of Parliament 42. (1) Parliament consists of— (a) the National Assembly; and (b) the National Council of Provinces. (2) The National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces participate in the legislative process in the manner set out in the Constitution. (3) The National Assembly is elected to representRead More →

40. (1) In the Republic, government is constituted as national, commonplace and nearby circles of government which are unmistakable, related and interrelated. (2) All circles of government must watch and cling to the standards in this Chapter and must lead their exercises inside the parameters that the Chapter gives. StandardsRead More →

7. (1) This Bill of Rights is a foundation of popular government in South Africa. It reveres the privileges surprisingly in our nation and avows the popularity based estimations of human poise, uniformity and flexibility. (2) The state must regard, ensure, advance and satisfy the rights in the Bill ofRead More →

1. The Republic of South Africa is one, sovereign, democratic state founded on the following values: (a) Human dignity, the achievement of equality and the advancement of human rights and freedoms. (b) Non-racalism and non-sexism. (c) Supremacy of the constitution and the rule of law. (d) Universal adult suffrage, aRead More →